How to Build a Hoophouse


Materials You Will Need:

2 – 30″ pieces of 5/8″ rebar per 5′ of length plus 2 for end
2 – 24″ stakes per 5′ of  length plus 4 for ends
1″ pvc conduit 20′ per 5’of length plus 20′ for the end
Cotton clothesline 20′ longer than hoophouse
Plastic 24′ by 20′ longer than hoophouse
22′ rope per 5′ of length
12′ of strong rope

Basic Hoophouse Instructions:

Drive rebar 18-24″ into soil every 5′ in 2 rows 12′ apart

Bend conduit pipe over rebar
Drive a stake in 6-8′ from each end in line with the center at an angle

Tie the clothesline onto the stakes as well as each of the hoops tightly

Roll out plastic alongside hoops and pull the plastic over the hoops

Drive another stake about 2′ back from the stakes the clothesline is tied to at an angle
Bunch the plastic at the ends and tie with a strong piece of rope to the stakes pulling the plastic tight end for end.
Drive the other stakes at an angle between each of the hoops and tie the ropes over the plastic to them to secure plastic.
Use spring clamps to ventilate on sunny days to prevent plants from overheating.

We hope you find this information useful. If you have any questions please leave a comment, we will be happy to respond!

27 Responses to How to Build a Hoophouse

  1. MJV54 February 13, 2014 at 9:19 pm #

    This looks really good. I can also see (like other hoop houses) that a slight modification by adding a frame, doors and window vents in the end could make it semi-permanent. Although I like the annual setup method as it would allow tillage before it’s erected.
    Thanks for sharing.

    • celeste May 2, 2014 at 2:58 pm #

      Yes, adding a frame and a door would make it really nice. There are a lot of ways it could be adapted. Thanks for commenting.

  2. Emily Tomulty April 25, 2014 at 7:16 am #

    Thank you so much for the simple staking idea in order to prevent billowing….I have had quite a time trying to keep my hoop house from lifting right off of my rebar stakes today- I was in a panic. Central Washington is always windy during the spring!
    After exploring your website…what a beautiful life you share. Blessed. (Where do you find all the time to develop the blog chronicle? 🙂

    • celeste May 2, 2014 at 3:02 pm #

      Thank you for the kind words… We do feel so blessed to live the life we do. Yes wind can be a pain when using hoophouses, we have had the plastic blow completely off one time. We stake it down the best we can and then tighten everything up every so often and that helps,too.

  3. Rosalind September 21, 2014 at 1:32 pm #

    How many pvc pipes? I think I counted 14 and how many?


    • Celeste September 22, 2014 at 3:46 am #

      It depends on how long you want it. They are spaced at 5 feet apart. To make a hoophouse 80 feet long you would need 17. I hope this helps.

  4. David white November 28, 2014 at 11:48 am #

    Very good idea and very well explained , hope to make and erect one next spring
    Thanks again
    Regards David White (UK)

  5. Tyler December 10, 2014 at 4:02 am #

    Are you using two pieces of 10ft conduit for each hoop? That is what it looks like in the picture. How does connection hold up?

    • Celeste December 10, 2014 at 10:34 pm #

      Yes we are using two 10 foot pieces of conduit for each hoop. We have not had any trouble with them coming apart.

  6. David Mitchell December 10, 2014 at 9:40 pm #

    Thanks for a nice practical video. I hope to duplicate it soon. I was wondering how you typically get in and out of the hoop house when it is in use (just lifting one long side, or coming in from the staked end?) Thanks. David (Canton, Ohio)

    • Celeste December 10, 2014 at 10:33 pm #

      We just go in through the side.We lift up the side and clamp it to one of the conduit hoops.

  7. Josh Shurtz March 16, 2015 at 5:35 pm #

    Where is the 12 foot strong rope used?

    • Celeste March 17, 2015 at 4:54 pm #

      Thanks for the question. The strong rope is used to bunch up the ends of the plastic and tie it to a stake.

      • Josh Shurtz June 12, 2015 at 5:44 pm #

        So I would need to cut the 12 foot rope into two pieces? One for either side of just get two 12 foot ropes?

  8. Geno March 18, 2015 at 4:57 pm #

    I was wondering if it mattered if one used 20 foot PVC or 2 sections of 10 foot PVC connected

    • Celeste March 19, 2015 at 12:35 am #

      It shouldn’t matter. We just used two 10 foot pieces because that is what was easy and available.

  9. David May 20, 2015 at 12:03 am #

    How does it hold up in the wind?

    • Celeste May 25, 2015 at 9:53 pm #

      We have trouble with the plastic blowing off in high winds. One thing that we do that helps alot is to bury most of the edges of plastic with dirt. I hope that helps.

  10. David Mitchell June 5, 2015 at 5:00 pm #


    Thanks for a nice video. I made one of your hoop houses this spring (12×40 or so). It has worked out nicely (much better than my previous ones) despite a windy spring in Ohio. I had to modify my crossover cords by adding a bent two-hole metal bracket to create a cinch cord along the rope to keep it tight, which worked well. I guess a taut-line hitch knot should work as well but when the rope get wet and old, the knot doesn’t want to slide.

    I also bolted down three wiggle-wire brackets spanning between two hoops to hold one side of the plastic firmly down in a few sections, and I’m tempted to add at least one high on the other side. It really holds it steady. There is still a tendency for the plastic to creep over to that side, however, since it is fixed and the other is not.

    Anyway…a question. Despite the purlins, I still have a problem with the hoops shifting from side to side. They like to tilt from vertical. Is the purlin cord in your model fixed securely to each hoop or just looped around it? Mine is just looped around it, so it is free to slide back and forth, unless it is very tight. I’m thinking of drilling a bracket into each one, like a wire bracket used in electrical conduit stuff, to hold the rope in place. Any thoughts?

    I’m sure you’re as busy as we are getting things growing, and harvesting, so I hope you have time to respond! Thanks again.


  11. Jason Shei June 13, 2015 at 11:57 pm #

    Thanks for the video. I followed the instruction to build a smaller hoop in my garden. I used a 4 mil. plastic instead because I want to grow sun loving vegetables, i.e. zucchini, okra, etc. I notice the 4 or 6 mil. plastic is not as transparent as the commercial grade sheeting. Do you think it allows enough sunlight in? Do you have to lift up one side of the sheeting once a while to let in more sunlight? (I left the same comment on the youtube site)
    Jason S.

    • Celeste July 9, 2015 at 4:18 pm #

      We have never had any trouble getting enough sunlight in our hoophouse, everything grows fine. Hope this helps.

  12. Dan July 29, 2015 at 10:56 pm #

    Thanks for the instructions and I have also viewed your video. Very helpful. I have built a hoophouse to the same specifications as you have stated. I get some strong winds where I live, but nothing out of the ordinary. I have found on a number of occasions that the conduit snaps. Usually the end hoop and usually just above the top of the rebar. I have pulled the plastic and the ropes up nice and tight including the central rope to hold all the hoops in place. However once the end hoop breaks the plastic and central rope goes slack and the other hoops sometimes break also. Do you ever have problems with the hoops breaking?

    Thanks for your help. Much Appreciated.


  13. Alida February 9, 2017 at 2:53 pm #

    Hi, which is the special knot he used to tighten and hold in place the tubes?

  14. Chris February 24, 2017 at 12:38 am #

    How do you join the two 10′ pvc pipes? Does it have to be a specific kind as well? Thanks

    • Celeste March 8, 2017 at 7:08 pm #

      We just used the grey electrical conduit. One end of each piece is larger and they fit together easily.

  15. Grace Konrad-Shaw July 21, 2017 at 10:22 pm #

    Hallo Celest,
    I would like to know if I could build the hoop house double the widths that you build your hoop house? I would like to build a square one that is 24×24 foot.
    Lg Grace from Germany

    • Celeste July 24, 2017 at 8:26 pm #

      Thank you for your interest in our hoophouse. I don’t think it would work to make it that wide. There wouldn’t be enough support to hold it up. You would need to add some kind of extra support for it to work.

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